If you get fired or laid off from your job, consider the options for your old 403(b). In most situations, rolling your 403(b) over to an IRA is the best option, bit it’s not your only choice. Here’s what happens to your 403(b) if you get fired, laid off, or lose your job. (Note: if you have a 401(k) and are wondering what happens to your plan after being fired, keep reading. You’ll have the same options.)

Wealth Management Boston MAHere’s what happens to your 403(b) if you get fired (or laid off, or quit…)

Usually: nothing. Unless your account is very small, the plan may not be able to force you to take the funds. But that doesn’t mean you should leave your old 403(b) where it is.

Your contributions to your 403(b) can’t be taken away or forfeited. Contributions to your 403(b) made by your employer may be subject to vesting requirements. In this case, any money that isn’t vested as of the date you were fired or laid off is no longer yours. Funds that you are 100% vested in will stay in your account and can be rolled over to an IRA, transferred, or converted to a Roth IRA.

3 options for your old 403(b) after getting fired or laid off

Here are three options for your old retirement plan if you’ve been laid off or fired. This guide has more on managing finances during a job transition.

403(b) Rollover to IRA

Potential Benefits:

  • Continue tax-deferred retirement savings
  • More investment options available than your old 403(b) plan
  • Your financial advisor can incorporate these assets into your investment management strategy

The most common way to manage an old 403(b) is an IRA rollover. You may want to consider opening a new rollover IRA for the 403(b) funds, even if you already have a traditional IRA. Doing so may preserve the enhanced creditor protection of the qualified retirement plan. Learn more about this asset protection strategy here.

There are no tax implications or income limitations on 403(b) rollovers. IRAs typically offer more investment options than employer-sponsored retirement plans and can give you access to professional investment advice from the retirement advisor managing your IRA. In fact, one of the main benefits of a 403(b) rollover is the added flexibility and depth of investment options now available to you.

403(b) Conversion to a Roth IRA

Potential Benefits:

  • Continue tax-deferred growth and funds may be taken out tax-free in retirement
  • If your income tax bracket is lower today than it will be in retirement, you could save money by paying tax now instead of later
  • A way to fund a Roth IRA but due to income limitations you’re not able to make regular contributions

Unlike a 403(b) and a traditional IRA, a Roth IRA delays its tax benefit until retirement. When you make withdrawals in retirement, the funds are tax-free so you don’t pay income taxes on your investment gains.

In exchange, the Roth IRA must be funded with after-tax dollars. This means that when you complete the 403(b) rollover, you’ll need to pay income tax on the entire account balance, which can be expensive depending on the size of your 403(b).

Also keep in mind that the amount of your 403(b) rollover that is converted to a Roth IRA will be added to your taxable income for the year and potentially push you into a higher tax bracket. If you cannot come up with the cash to pay the taxes due with non-retirement money, it usually is not advantageous to convert to a Roth.

Unlike a traditional IRA, there are income limitations that apply to regular Roth IRA contributions. However, these income limitations do not apply to a 403(b) rollover to Roth IRA. Therefore, if a Roth IRA makes sense for your overall retirement wealth strategy and a 403(b) rollover to Roth IRA is the only way you can take advantage of it, this might be a good strategy for you.

403(b) Rollover into Your New 401(k) or 403(b) Plan

Potential Benefits:

  • Want to manage everything together and don’t have any investments outside of your new retirement plan
  • Are comfortable with the investment options available in your new 403(b) or 401(k) retirement plan.

Depending on when you were fired or laid off, you may already have a new job with a new 403(b) or a 401(k). You can roll a 403(b) into a 401(k) per the IRS rollover chart.

It is important to note that although this is sometimes the preference for investors, it isn’t always the best choice. Diversification is the best way to manage risk, and holding the bulk of your nest egg in one retirement plan with no discretion on the availability and scope of investment options or the associated plan fees can be taking an unnecessary risk. Further, if you wish to roll over your old plan immediately after being fired, you may not yet be familiar with the potential constraints of the new plan.

Also Read: Saving for Retirement with a 403(b)

Managing Your Finances During a Job ChangeGuide to managing your money and benefits during a transition
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